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On <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />April 8, 2005, the D.C. circuit court of appeals heard oral arguments in Commonwealth of Massachusetts et al. v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Petitioners, who include the attorneys general (AGs) of 12 states, are suing the EPA for rejecting an October 1999 petition by the International Center for Technology Assessment (ICTA) and several other environmental groups to regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from motor vehicles. In effect, petitioners demand that EPA impose the Kyoto Protocol — a non-ratified treaty — on U.S. automakers. They hope via litigation not only to regulate millions of Americans out of the market for large, safe, high-performance vehicles, but also to substitute their will for that of the people's elected representatives. <?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />