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Energy bill -- "first shot" in carbon trade war?

In the wake of the release of the Waxman-Markey energy bill, many commenters have pointed to the drastic restrictions on domestic energy use to address greenhouse gas emissions, while some, like CEI, have pointed to the huge economic costs that would result -- costs that would be paid for by consumers and in terms of reduced manufacturing and jobs.  Few have noted a further economic consequence -- the possible disruption of the world trading system because of the bill's endorsement of carbon border taxes on imports from countries that don't have an energy-repressive regime.  Here's what CEI's Iain Murray has to say about that:
The bill as drafted clears the way for carbon protectionism.  It envisages "rebates" to companies that have to pay higher costs than their international competitors, which amounts to illegal state aid under WTO rules.  Further, it directs the President to institute what is laughably called a 'border adjustment' program requiring foreign companies to pay for the cost of carbon.  This is nothing more than a tariff aimed at eliminating the competitive advantage of other nations.  Taken together, these provisions represent the first shot in what is likely to prove a disastrous carbon trade war.
Margo Thorning of the American Council for Capital Formation and Bill Kovacs of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce provide hard and realistic criticism of carbon border taxes in National Journal's Experts Blogs this week.