Robert Hanrahan Ph.D., JD, has worked on nuclear weapons science and engineering since 1991, first at Los Alamos National Laboratory and since 2007 as a federal employee of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA.) He holds Ph.D. is in Materials Science from the University of Florida and a JD from George Mason School of Law. He is admitted to the Maryland Bar. This paper is entirely his own work and does not represent the views of the U.S. Department of Energy or the NNSA. Robert is not employed by CEI.